(and may be considered a nuisance in vegetable growing allotments or gardens)
I am not an expert in identifying or describing plants, therefor the following information may not be fully correct. Please let me know if you can correct or add any further info to this page.
(An ongoing project)
A member of the geranium family which grows in a variety of habitats. This plant grows profusely on and around my allotment on heavy clay soil as well as clay mixed with a high carbon content. Pink flowers, although white flowering plants can be found. A prostrate form of Herb Robert also exists.
This genus has about 15 species. The plant is native to Asia, Europe & Africa. It can grow to heights over 7 or 8 feet. They have prickly leaves and stems. After they pinkish rounded flower heads have finished blooming a dry head remains containing many seeds, a good food source for birds in particular finches
Fullers teazel (Dipsicus sativus)
I think this is a photograph of the cultivated form of the wild teazel. It was once widely used for raising the nap of woolen cloth. (teasing).
Couch grass (Elymus repens)
A ground creeping or climbing genus of many species. Native to Africa, most of Europe, Central Asia and parts of the far east. Usually evergreen. Ivies are an important source of nectar and food for a wide range of wildlife. The berries are moderately toxic to humans.
Lords & Ladies (Arum maculatum)
A woodland plant
known by many different names, a few being, snakeshead, adders root, wild arum, cuckoo pint and jack in the pulpit. The plant has both male and female flowers. The female flowers produce red berries in the Autumn which are poisonous.
Feverfew (Tenacetum parthenium)
Although a perennial herb it could be thought of as a weed as it will easily and quickly self seed and spread given the right sun and soil conditions. Produces white daisy like flowers and has certain medicinal qualities.
Common Fumitory (Fumaria officinalis)
Chickweed (Stellaria media)
A cool season annual forming large mats of foliage and producing small white flowers. It is edible but other similar looking genuses of chickweed which are not edible. The plant has several medicinal uses.
Daisy (Bellis perennis)
Also known as the common daisy, English daisy, to distinguish it from many related plants. A European native but widely found elsewhere. A low lying plant commonly found in lawns, which has a long flowering season. Has several culinary and medicinal uses.
Lesser Celandine (Ficaria verna)
A low growing perennial plant of the buttercup family of which there are 2 types. Usually flowering from March to May. It usually prefers damp shady areas for growth.
A fast growing perennial which can quickly become invasive. Known by many other names including goutweed and herb gerard. It is a rhizomas plant which is difficult to eradicate. Any broken roots, rhizomes are likely to re-generate if left in the soil. Its leaves are similar looking to those of the elder tree. Supposedly introduced by the Romans the leaves are edible and it is useful as a medicinal herb.
Ragwort (Jacobaea vulgaris)
A biennial plant which can grow to a height of around 2.0 meters producing yellow daisy like flowers. Known by many other names such as stinking willie and cushag. It attracts many insects during its flowering season, some of them being endangered, rare or threatened species. It can be poisonous to certain animals.
Ribwort plantain (Plantago lanceolata)
With several other names such as lambs tongue and narrowleaf plantain it is a perennial herb. It has several herbal/medicinal uses. The short oval white flower heads appear on individual thin stalks.
Selfheal (center) (Prunella vulgaris)
Forget me not (the blue flowered one) (Myosotis)
A member of the boraginaceae family with over 70 species. Flowers are small and can be blue, pink, white or yellow.
Cow parsley (Anthriscus sylvestris)
A short lived perennial plant with several other names, one being Queen Ann's lace. Quick growing and commonly seen alongside roads it prefers a semi shaded habitat.
Common Hogweed (Heracleum sphondylium)
Do not mistake the giant hogweed for this one or vice-versa. Various habitats such as wasteland, hedgerows and the borders of woodlands and fields. A member of the carrot family with several sub-species. Handling this plant can cause phytophotodermatitis, beware.
Shining Cranesbill (I think) (Geranium lucidum)
Shiney leaved as the name suggests with a sprawling habit, prefers a limestone habitat.
Also known as spiny sow thistle and a few other similar names. An annual with shiny green/grey blue leaves and a yellow flower resembling that of a dandelion. Can be found growing in various habitats such as roadsides, hedgerows and meadowland. Edible leaves and a good food source for rabbits and some other animals.
Scarlet pimpernel (Anagallis arvensis)
From approximately 20 plus species in the Primulaceae family. Usually growing in various uncultivated habitats almost worldwide, where it can be seen sprawled and spread across the ground. Extremely useful in herbal medicine. Spreads from seeds.
Tufted vetch (Vicia cracca) (Center of picture in the grass)
Native to Europe & Asia. A purple/blue flowered plant with a climbing habit and gripping tendrils. Similar to the hairy vetch. Spreads quickly and can be found in such habitats as waste ground, roadsides fields and hedgerows.
Periwinkle Apocynaceae family (Vinca)
The variegated low growing type. It spreads quickly and densely and is usually planted in beds and borders as ground cover. A haven for slugs and snails
A native plant of Europe and a species of the genus Geranium. Introduced to other countries outside of Europe and can be found in a variety of habitats. Useful in herbal medicine.
Lamb's quarters (Chenopodium album)
An annual weed which is cultivated in some countries. It is also known by several other names such as fat hen and goosefoot. Widely used as a leaf vegetable in various countries and feed for certain animals.
Hedge woundwort (Stachys sylvatica)
A perennial tall growing herb with nettle like hairy none stinging leaves. The plant in this photograph has been growing in my herb pot, next to some Lemon balm, for several years, flowering from early June until late Summer. It attracts many bees and various insects.
Field poppy (Papaver)
Single scarlet flower in its basic form. Also known by several other names such as, corn poppy, Flanders poppy red poppy. Self seeds very easily.
Usually growing in shaded habitats this evergreen fern prefers lime rich soil and can often be seen growing in crevices of old buildings and walls.
This plant flowers before the leaves appear, usually very early in the year. A member of the daisy family with large green leaves shaped like a horses (colt) foot.
Pineapple weed (Matricaria discoidea)
A native of N. America & N.E. Asia, but also found elsewhere. Useful medicianally the plant has a cone shaped head prior to white flowers with a yellow centre, blooming. Several habitats.
Hedge bindweed (Calystegia sepium)
A perennial twining plant found in a variety of habitats. White trumpet shaped flowers. Known by many other names.
Field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis)
Either narrow or slightly broader leaved varieties with white/pinkish coloured, trumpet shaped flowers. Also known as withy vine amongst several others. A real nuisance on cultivated ground and difficult to eradicate, it can choke other plants.